The Discriminatory Laws Database

In March 2013, Adalah launched the Discriminatory Laws Database, an online resource that collects more than 50 Israeli laws enacted since 1948 that directly or indirectly discriminate against Palestinian citizens of Israel in all areas of life, including their rights to political participation, access to land, education, state budget resources, and criminal procedures. Some of the laws also violate the rights of Palestinians living in the 1967 OPT and Palestinian refugees.

 

The Database – published in Arabic, Hebrew and English – includes texts and descriptions of active laws and selections of the most dangerous pending bills. Each of the laws in the database includes Adalah documents and publications such as position papers, legal letters, court decisions (if applicable), press releases, , and other analyses.

 

Click to explore the Discriminatory Laws Database

 

Background

 

Israeli governments regularly enact legislation which excludes, ignores, and discriminates against the Palestinian Arab minority. Since the establishment of the state, Israel has relied upon these laws to ground their discriminatory treatment of Arab citizens and allow the unequal status and unequal treatment of Jewish and Arab citizens to persist.

 

 

In February 2009, elections for  the 18th Knesset brought to power the most right‐wing government coalition in the history of Israel. The 19th Knesset, elected in January 2013, continued this right-wing trend. Both governments were led by Benjamin Netanyahu, of the Likud party, with strong support from the far-right wing parties Yisrael Beitenu, led by Avigdor Lieberman, and HaBayit HaYehudi, led by Naftali Bennet. The Members of Knesset (MKs)  in both of these governments immediately introduced a flood of discriminatory legislation.

 

These new laws and bills seek, inter alia, to dispossess and exclude Arab citizens from the land; turn their citizenship from a right into a conditional privilege; undermine the ability of Arab citizens of Israel and their parliamentary representatives to participate in the political life of the country; criminalize political expression or acts that question the Jewish or Zionist nature of the state; and privilege Jewish citizens in the allocation of state resources.

 

Collections of new laws and proposed bills:

19th Knesset: June 2013
18th Knesset: October 2012 | June 2012 | June 2011 | April 2011 | November 2010

 

Reports and briefing papers:

Discriminatory Bills in the 19th Knesset, October 2013

Discriminatory Laws and Bills during the 18th Knesset, 2009-2012

 

Op-eds and articles:

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