Israel's plan to force Bedouin from their homes to clear way for military testing zone delayed due to Adalah, Bimkom legal action

Israeli military industries plans to move massive Ramat Beka testing facility, an area the size of Haifa and Tel Aviv combined, to Naqab (Negev); 2,113 Bedouin homes and other buildings facing demolition.
UPDATE [14 JUNE 2020]: Adalah continued to work on this case even following the rejection of its objection by the Southern District Planning and Building Committee (SDPBC) in December 2018. The plan covers a total area of 112,838 dunams, an area the size of the cities of Haifa and Tel Aviv combined. The plan’s purpose is to expand Ramat Beka as a special industrial zone in order to move military industries with safety or environmental risks from the center of Israel to the Naqab. This plan will expose thousands of Bedouin residents to health risks, as well as slating 2,113 buildings, including 1,200 Bedouin homes, for demolition. Adalah filed a request to appeal against the SDPBC’s decision to the National Council of Planning and Building in January 2019; the request was denied. An additional hearing was held before the Southern District Planning and Building Committee on 3 April 2019 at the order of the Court for Administrative Affairs in Be’er Sheva. Following the additional hearing, the Committee issued a decision stating that it saw no cause to change its previous decision to approve the plan.

CLICK HERE to read the request to appeal [Hebrew]

CLICK HERE to read the Committee’s decision [Hebrew]




Israel's state-owned weapons manufacturer is relocating a massive testing facility from the center of the country to an area in the Naqab (Negev) desert in a move that puts some 1,200 Bedouin homes and other structures at risk of forced displacement.


Adalah – The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights and Bimkom – Planners for Planning Rights have filed an objection to the IMI Systems (formerly Israel Military Industries) facility to the Ramat Beka area, demanding that Israeli planning authorities reject the move or find an alternative that does not harm the area's Bedouin residents. A hearing on the objection will be held tomorrow, Monday, 3 December 2018.


Adalah and Bimkom staff drive along the perimeter fence of the Ramat Beka facility. (Photo by Marwan Abu Frieh)


[CLICK HERE for more hi-res photos of Adalah & Bimkom touring the Ramat Beka area]


The Southern District Planning and Building Committee will hear the objection against the "Ramat Beka Special Industrial Zone", filed on 3 December 2018 by the two NGOs on behalf of the Bedouin residents and representatives of the local committee of the following villages in the area: Abu Qrinat/Umm Mitnan, Wadi el Mshash, Wadi al Na'am, Abu Tlul, and Swawin, and the Regional Council for the Unrecognized Villages in the Negev.


The planned weapons testing facility (27,770 acres), more than twice the area of the city of Tel Aviv (12,850 acres), is located amidst multiple Bedouin communities and will expose residents to health, safety and environmental risks.


The plan would also impose severe building and development restrictions on 1,213 structures in the concerned villages and is liable to result in the forced displacement of area residents.


In their objection filed 26 September 2018, Adalah attorney Myssana Morany and Bimkom architect Dafna Saporta maintain that the plan does not rely on sufficient factual basis and that it disproportionately violates the right of area residents to dignity, life, health, and to environmental justice.


Adalah attorney Myssana Morany (left) and Bimkom architect Dafna Saporta review aerial imagery during a tour of the Ramat Beka area with local Bedouin residents. (Photo by Marwan Abu Frieh)


The establishment of the high-risk military industrial zone in the heart of a populated area means that local residents were not taken into account when preparing the plan and that they are seen as "transparent" or as a "problem" that can be solved through eviction.


Adalah and Bimkom stress that in light of the fact that thousands of Bedouin residents have lived around the Ramat Beka area for countless years, the plan must take them into consideration and prevent harm or at least reduce harm to the residents.


In addition, Adalah and Bimkom note in the objection that an environmental impact report is not the proper tool for examining the impact of the program on the health of area residents. Rather, a health impact report must be conducted that would examine alternatives intended to prevent or minimize the harm to residents.


Morany and Saporta emphasize that "this plan joins other programs promoted in the Negev which – under the cover of 'regional development' and 'job creation' for certain populations – effectively block Bedouin villages, expose residents to health risks, and leaving many residents without shelter."


A cloud of smoke rises in the air during military testing in Ramat Beka. (Photo by Myssana Morany)


CLICK HERE to read the objection [Hebrew]


[In accordance with obligations stipulated in legislation approved by the Israeli government in order to harm organizations that criticize its policies, we would like to point out that Bimkom is an organization whose main sources of funding are donations from foreign policy entities.]


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