Civil and Political Rights

Respect for civil and political rights is a fundamental requirement of a legitimate democratic state. However, despite Israel's ratification of international covenants on civil and political rights such as the ICCPR, Israel systemically obstructs or denies these rights to Arab citizens.

Adalah's litigation activities include ensuring citizens' right to peaceful protest, including boycotts; defending Arab MKs against political persecution; challenging laws which violate freedom of expression and outlaw commemoration of the Nakba; and demanding accountability and investigation when the state employs violence against its own citizens, as it did in October 2000 with the murder of 13 Arab protesters.

Adalah has also been leading the legal campaign against the Citizenship and Entry into Israel Law (Temporary Order) – 2003, which denies Palestinians living in the OPT who are married to Palestinian citizens of Israel the right to earn citizenship through family unification. This law is highly discriminatory, banning all Palestinians from family unification solely on the basis of national identity.

A complete list of cases is available here. To filter by specific topics, use the links above:


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HCJ 841/06, Antwan Shalhat et al. v. The Minister of the Interior
HCJ 1964/00, Mahmoud Mahameed, et. al. v. Moshe Ya'alon, IDF Chief Commander of the Central Division
HCJ 4706/02, Sheikh Ra'ed Salah, et. al. v. the Minister of Interior
HCJ 7052/03, Adalah, et al. v. Minister of Interior and the Attorney General.
HCJ 2431/01, Mohammad Zidan, Chairperson of the High Follow-Up Committee for Arab Citizens in Israel, et. al. v. The Minister of Internal Security, et. al.
HCJ 950/02, The Committee of the Victim's Families (October 2000) v. The Commission of Inquiry
HCJ 6342/02, MK 'Abd al-Malek Dahamshe, et al. v. The Commission of Inquiry
Criminal Appeal Permission 968/03, Abdel Menem Abu Saleh v. the State of Israel, unpublished decision.